Many peo­ple are sur­prised to hear that frost can cause an aller­gic reac­tion sim­i­lar to eat­ing cit­rus fruits, or inhal­ing rag­weed, for exam­ple.

cold allergy


Not so long ago, lit­tle was known about this prob­lem even on the Web, but as it turned out, every third per­son suf­fers from an atyp­i­cal reac­tion of the body to low tem­per­a­tures. The most dif­fi­cult cas­es can include asth­ma, faint­ing, and even ana­phy­lac­tic shock in a per­son. In order not to suc­cumb to the effects of unpleas­ant symp­toms, we pro­pose to under­stand the caus­es of this phe­nom­e­non.

What is cold allergy and why does it occur?

Cold aller­gy is an atyp­i­cal reac­tion of the human body to low air tem­per­a­tures from exter­nal sources. Experts have not yet been able to find out what is the rea­son for this anom­aly. Some of them believe that the whole thing is in cryo­glob­u­lins, which, when exposed to frost, start his­t­a­mine to work, and he, in turn, an aller­gic reac­tion.

Dis­eases of the gen­i­touri­nary and res­pi­ra­to­ry sys­tems, as well as var­i­ous infec­tions and prob­lems with the gas­troin­testi­nal tract (gas­tri­tis, dys­bac­te­rio­sis, etc.) can also become impor­tant cat­a­lysts for the devel­op­ment of cold aller­gies. In gen­er­al, almost any health prob­lem can cause such a reac­tion in the body.

How to understand that it is an allergy to the cold?

Of course, as with oth­er dis­eases, cold aller­gies have their own symp­toms:

  • Red­ness and itch­ing in areas of the skin that were open;
  • Swelling of the lips and tongue;
  • Tear­ing and red­ness of the eyes;
  • Headache and signs of SARS.

Depend­ing on this, there are also types of cold aller­gies:

  • Hives;
  • Rhini­tis;
  • Der­mati­tis;
  • Asth­ma;
  • Con­junc­tivi­tis;
  • Aller­gic reac­tion of the whole organ­ism.


As for cold urticaria, it is the most com­mon vari­ant of events. Usu­al­ly, red­ness appears on places that were not cov­ered with clothes. But it can also spill over into areas that were fair­ly well pro­tect­ed. These places are unpleas­ant­ly itchy, and may become blis­tered. If com­pared, then most of all this phe­nom­e­non resem­bles a lesion from net­tles. In some peo­ple, due to the char­ac­ter­is­tics of the body, the skin can also become dry and flake.

Con­junc­tivi­tis is known to affect the eyes. A per­son suf­fers from pain and severe pain, every­thing is accom­pa­nied by tear­ing. Often, right in the cold, a run­ny nose and sneez­ing can begin — this is how rhini­tis man­i­fests itself. When you get into a warm room, all of the above symp­toms dis­ap­pear.

Cold asth­ma can be dis­tin­guished by the appear­ance of short­ness of breath or a feel­ing of lack of air. The thing is that the lumen in the bronchi nar­rows when exposed to cold, and the body falls into a state of shock.

Some peo­ple who suf­fer from cer­tain ail­ments expe­ri­ence aller­gic man­i­fes­ta­tions to the cold in a more com­plex form. This may include chills, loss of con­scious­ness, swelling of the extrem­i­ties, rapid heart rate, and pres­sure prob­lems. Only a few cas­es in world med­ical prac­tice end­ed in death.


How is it treated?

Just like ordi­nary aller­gies, cold aller­gies are treat­ed, first of all, with pre­ven­tive mea­sures: all options for dam­ag­ing skin areas with cold are exclud­ed (mit­tens, scarves, hats and fash­ion­able bal­a­clavas — to help). Med­i­cines do not com­plete­ly elim­i­nate the prob­lem, but only affect the symp­toms.

In order not to over­cool, it is worth choos­ing cloth­ing items main­ly from nat­ur­al fab­rics. Before going out­side, mois­tur­ize your lips, and if a run­ny nose or tear­ing occurs, mas­sage your cheeks, ensur­ing blood flow to the affect­ed areas.

Cold aller­gies don’t just hap­pen. It may indi­cate a decrease in immu­ni­ty, stress, or pathol­o­gy in the human body. The best solu­tion for cold aller­gy symp­toms is to vis­it an aller­gist.