Sinusitis is one of the most incomprehensible zakalyak in the card that happens to people when a cold comes or, for example, allergy season. What is sinusitis? How does it appear? What to do with him? We understand the details.
The sinuses are clogged, the face hurts and it seems as if something is pressing on the inside of the nose. This is sinusitis. Well, or rhinosinusitis, as doctors prefer to say.
Rhinosinusitis is an inflammation of the sinus mucosa and the nasal mucosa at the same time. The American Academy of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Foundation says that sinusitis can feel like a very bad cold. The duration of the disease depends on the person who is sick — someone can move with sinusitis for a couple of days, and someone is lying around for weeks.
What is sinusitis
The World Allergy Organization states that sinusitis (rhinosinusitis) is an inflammation of the tissue that lines the sinuses and nose.
To understand what exactly happens when a person has rhinosinusitis, you need to consider the anatomy of the upper respiratory tract. There are four hollow spaces behind the forehead, on the cheeks and along the nose. They are filled with air and are called sinuses. The sinuses affect the pitch and timbre of the voice, reduce the weight of the head, and also produce mucus.
The American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology states that mucus helps trap dust, microorganisms, and pollutants that enter the nose. The nose contains what are called cilia, tiny hair-like structures that naturally draw mucus down the back of the throat, where it can be swallowed.
If the defense mechanism fails and something goes wrong, the irritants cause swelling, which blocks the normal drainage of the sinuses, and then there is a lot of mucus in them. She has nowhere to go. Hence the symptoms of sinusitis.
Types of sinusitis
There are different types of sinusitis to look out for:
- Spicy. Symptoms last about four weeks and often go away on their own. It happens viral and bacterial.
- Subacute. Symptoms are observed from 4 to 12 weeks.
- Chronic sinusitis — symptoms persist for up to 12 weeks or longer.
- recurrent - when sinusitis recurs four or more times a year.
The symptom is sinusitis
Sinusitis causes a range of symptoms, which include:
- runny nose;
- nasal congestion;
- pain in the face;
- face pressure;
- sore throat;
- bad breath.
There is also chronic sinusitis, and with its exacerbation, the following symptoms are observed:
- thick yellow or green discharge from the nose;
- pain in the teeth;
- ear pain;
- loss of taste and smell.
Doctors also believe that a bacterial infection may also cause a fever.
When they appear, do not hesitate to visit the otorhinolaryngologist. At the initial stage, sinusitis responds well to treatment.
How is sinusitis treated?
The doctor will select vasoconstrictor drops, antiseptic and immunostimulating agents. In addition, he may prescribe antibiotics or antifungal medications if tests show that the culprit of sinusitis is bacteria or a fungal infection.
The doctor’s regimen for taking medications must be strictly observed! Here’s what else can make things easier.
Inhalations for sinusitis
Do inhalation. Steam inhalation can help reduce the symptoms of acute and chronic sinusitis. Essential oils of medicinal plants, such as fir, eucalyptus, lavender, rosemary or mint, can be added to the water. Warm compresses placed on the bridge of the nose and wings of the nose have a good analgesic effect. But remember: you can warm the sinuses of the nose only after consulting with your doctor. The fact is that with insufficient outflow of pus from the sinus, warming procedures can lead to increased headache and exacerbation of the disease.
Sinusitis treatments: UHF, microwaves, quartz
Various physiotherapy procedures (blue light, solux, UHF, microwaves) help to quickly eliminate the unpleasant symptoms of sinusitis. The choice of method depends on the localization of the inflammatory process (in which of the sinuses is the focus of inflammation). You also need to consider that physiotherapy is contraindicated in hyperplastic, polypous, cystic sinusitis.
Clearing the nasal passages
To eliminate nasal congestion and help local immunity to cope with bacteria and viruses, regularly rinse the nasal passages. Thanks to this procedure, the mucous membrane is moistened, and mucus and microbes are removed from the nose.
For washing, it is better to use isotonic saline solutions (including sea water), which are sold in pharmacies. Or you can prepare a healing solution yourself.
Take 1 tsp. a spoonful of sea salt and dissolve its contents in a glass of warm water. For one wash, 200 ml of solution is usually used, 100 ml for each nostril.
Procedures are carried out for 2 weeks 2–4 times a day.
In order to rinse the nasal passage, it is necessary to draw the solution into one nostril, and then spit out the water through the mouth. The same must be done through the second nostril. Thus, the nasal passages and nasopharynx will be cleared of bacteria.
Prevention of sinusitis
To prevent the development of sinusitis, try to strengthen the immune system and treat a runny nose in time. This is necessary so that the edema does not rise higher into the maxillary sinuses. Take immediate action at the first sign of discomfort. Rinse your nose with saline solutions, take hot foot baths, and drink as much as you can. Lemon tea, rosehip or blackcurrant decoction contain a lot of vitamin C, which increases the body’s resistance to infection.
The following methods will also help:
- wash my hands more often;
- treat asthma, allergies and other related diseases;
- quit smoking and stay away from smoky rooms if possible;
- use saline solution;
- humidify the air;
- avoid contact with sick people;
- avoid dehydration;
- go in for sports;
- eat a healthy diet;
- get vaccinated.
And most importantly, take care of your health!