Symptoms of a spring allergy to flowering are sometimes very similar to those of a common cold. How to distinguish allergies from SARS and take timely action?
April and early May is a difficult time for allergy sufferers. Grass breaks through the warmed earth, flowering begins, pollen flies. And along with all this comes hay fever. The most striking manifestations of this disease are swelling and redness of the eyes and eyelids, lacrimation, itching in the nasopharynx, continuous sneezing, runny nose. In general, symptoms that resemble the common cold. How to suspect something is wrong and distinguish an allergy from a cold?
1. Allergies are seasonal.
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A typical identifying sign of allergy, or pollinosis, is seasonality. That is, if the same symptoms overtake you every year at about the same time, this is a reason to contact an allergist. Why about? Because the timing of flowering plants can be shifted due to weather changes. With an allergy to tree pollen, symptoms occur from early April to late May, to flowering cereals in June and July, and to weed pollen from late June to late August — early September.
2. The appearance of unusual symptoms
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If you notice that your “cold” is somehow atypical (for example, you always had a temperature with SARS, but now you don’t), breathing is difficult, shortness of breath, wheezing in your chest or skin rashes appear, contact an allergist.
3. Increased outdoor allergy symptoms
Pollinosis is really characterized by a worsening of the condition when going out into the street. Especially in dry windy weather. That is why doctors advise allergy sufferers to refrain from walking in such weather and not to travel out of town.
4. Habitual medicines for allergies do not help
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As a rule (if it is really pollinosis), vasoconstrictors and other drugs with which we usually treat colds have no effect. Allergies require other treatment, which is prescribed by a doctor. These are topical steroids (eye drops, nasal sprays, inhalations) and antihistamines. All these drugs are used in courses.
5. Prolonged hay fever
A cold usually lasts no longer than a week. And allergy symptoms can bother you for up to several months! If you delay a visit to the doctor for a long time, serious complications are possible, up to bronchial asthma. So it is important to distinguish allergies from colds in time and take pollinosis seriously.
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Houses. With hay fever, it is important to minimize contact with the allergen. Hang a fine mesh on the windows, periodically moisten it with water. Use an air purifier and humidifier.
To the streets. Wear safety goggles and use nasal sprays. They cover the mucosa with a thin film, protecting it from contact with the allergen. The action of the funds is enough for 3–4 hours. Then wash it off with saline solution and reapply.