Symp­toms of a spring aller­gy to flow­er­ing are some­times very sim­i­lar to those of a com­mon cold. How to dis­tin­guish aller­gies from SARS and take time­ly action?

allergy photo

Legion-Media

April and ear­ly May is a dif­fi­cult time for aller­gy suf­fer­ers. Grass breaks through the warmed earth, flow­er­ing begins, pollen flies. And along with all this comes hay fever. The most strik­ing man­i­fes­ta­tions of this dis­ease are swelling and red­ness of the eyes and eye­lids, lacrima­tion, itch­ing in the nasophar­ynx, con­tin­u­ous sneez­ing, run­ny nose. In gen­er­al, symp­toms that resem­ble the com­mon cold. How to sus­pect some­thing is wrong and dis­tin­guish an aller­gy from a cold?

1. Allergies are seasonal.

Read more: Aller­gy to flow­er­ing: how it man­i­fests itself and how to pro­tect your­self

A typ­i­cal iden­ti­fy­ing sign of aller­gy, or polli­nosis, is sea­son­al­i­ty. That is, if the same symp­toms over­take you every year at about the same time, this is a rea­son to con­tact an aller­gist. Why about? Because the tim­ing of flow­er­ing plants can be shift­ed due to weath­er changes. With an aller­gy to tree pollen, symp­toms occur from ear­ly April to late May, to flow­er­ing cere­als in June and July, and to weed pollen from late June to late August — ear­ly Sep­tem­ber.

2. The appearance of unusual symptoms

allergy throat photo

Shut­ter­stock

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If you notice that your “cold” is some­how atyp­i­cal (for exam­ple, you always had a tem­per­a­ture with SARS, but now you don’t), breath­ing is dif­fi­cult, short­ness of breath, wheez­ing in your chest or skin rash­es appear, con­tact an aller­gist.

3. Increased outdoor allergy symptoms

Polli­nosis is real­ly char­ac­ter­ized by a wors­en­ing of the con­di­tion when going out into the street. Espe­cial­ly in dry windy weath­er. That is why doc­tors advise aller­gy suf­fer­ers to refrain from walk­ing in such weath­er and not to trav­el out of town.

4. Habitual medicines for allergies do not help

allergy runny nose photo

pho­to­lia

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As a rule (if it is real­ly polli­nosis), vaso­con­stric­tors and oth­er drugs with which we usu­al­ly treat colds have no effect. Aller­gies require oth­er treat­ment, which is pre­scribed by a doc­tor. These are top­i­cal steroids (eye drops, nasal sprays, inhala­tions) and anti­his­t­a­mines. All these drugs are used in cours­es.

5. Prolonged hay fever

A cold usu­al­ly lasts no longer than a week. And aller­gy symp­toms can both­er you for up to sev­er­al months! If you delay a vis­it to the doc­tor for a long time, seri­ous com­pli­ca­tions are pos­si­ble, up to bronchial asth­ma. So it is impor­tant to dis­tin­guish aller­gies from colds in time and take polli­nosis seri­ous­ly.

Helpful Hints

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Hous­es. With hay fever, it is impor­tant to min­i­mize con­tact with the aller­gen. Hang a fine mesh on the win­dows, peri­od­i­cal­ly moist­en it with water. Use an air puri­fi­er and humid­i­fi­er.
To the streets. Wear safe­ty gog­gles and use nasal sprays. They cov­er the mucosa with a thin film, pro­tect­ing it from con­tact with the aller­gen. The action of the funds is enough for 3–4 hours. Then wash it off with saline solu­tion and reap­ply.