Allergy to cold is a disease that affects up to 50% of people. How to recognize it, and most importantly, how to overcome it?
What Causes an Allergy to Cold?
In the cold season, especially with strong wind and frost, some people develop red, itchy spots on open areas of the skin (on the face and hands).
Doctors call this reaction a cold allergy, or an allergy to cold. Of course, an allergy to cold is prone to periodic exacerbations in winter, under the influence of low temperatures. However, you can get an allergic reaction in the summer, swimming in a cold river or drinking a cocktail with ice, and in the fall, freezing at a bus stop.
Cold urticaria — this is also called an allergy to cold, can appear as a result of violations to which the protective functions of the body are exposed.
The depletion of the protective functions of the body is facilitated by chronic diseases, such as sinusitis, cholecystitis, caries, and the presence of worms also contributes to this. Thus, this exposure to factors may contribute to the development of symptoms that are characteristic of cold allergies.
Allergy to cold can be triggered by a number of debilitating diseases, and lupus erythematosus, blood cancer, diseases that are associated with the activity of the thyroid gland also contribute to its development. Certain infectious diseases can also provoke an allergy to cold: measles, mycoplasmal pneumonia, mumps, rubella, infectious mononucleosis.
How does cold allergy manifest itself?
How to recognize cold urticaria, because it can skillfully “mask” as dermatitis, colds, acute respiratory infections and SARS.
This disease occurs as a result of a sharp cooling and makes itself felt by a number of symptoms. As a rule, spots (sometimes even blisters) appear first on the face: cheeks, wings of the nose, in the area under the eyes, around the lips and on the hands.
Then the person begins to feel itching, his temperature may rise. In severe cases it is possible
- difficulty breathing;
- joint and muscle pain;
- headache and dizziness;
- nausea and pain in the stomach;
- conjunctivitis and lacrimation.
Most often, cold allergy symptoms come on quickly and disappear quickly. In rare cases, they can persist for a long time or cause severe reactions, up to Quincke’s edema.
How do you know if you are allergic to cold? Test
An allergist can diagnose the disease based on the results of specific allergological tests. But a simple test can be arranged at home.
Apply a small piece of ice to the skin of your hands, just above the wrist. Wait 1 minute. If you see that the skin is red and swollen, you are probably allergic to cold.
What does a cold allergy look like?
What to do if you are allergic to cold?
It is very important to avoid hypothermia (prolonged exposure to frost and cold wind, ice cream and cold drinks, ice showers).
Knowing about this feature of your body, you should always have on hand antiallergic drugs that your doctor will prescribe.
The doctor usually prescribes antihistamines. If contact with cold was short-term and there will be no repetitions, then it will be enough to drink them for several days, 1 tablet per day.
Modern antihistamine (anti-allergic) drugs:
Taking these pills can quickly eliminate itching and rashes on the body.
And also the doctor can prescribe a complex treatment, for example, drugs that will help strengthen the blood vessels. They will reduce the permeability of small blood vessels — capillaries. This will increase the resistance of the circulatory system to the penetration of an irritating allergen into it — cold.
This list includes the following medicines:
Home remedies can help with cold allergies!
1. Eliminate from the diet chocolate, coffee, cocoa, eggs, citrus fruits, strawberries, fish. Refusal of these products reduces the manifestations of cold allergies.
2. 30 minutes before leaving outdoors in winter do not forget to apply a layer of protective cream on the face and other exposed skin areas. Winter cream protects the skin from the aggressive effects of low temperatures, snow and wind. Or at least apply baby cream high in vitamins A and E. Protect your hands.
3. If you are allergic to cold make baking soda. Dilute 1 teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of warm water. Soak a gauze pad in the solution and apply to the affected areas of the skin. Lotions eliminate itching, reduce swelling and redness.
4. Wipe hurt and annoyed
female areas of the skin infusion of succession (1 tablespoon of herbs in a glass of boiling water). The sequence soothes the skin, reduces swelling and itching.
5. If you are allergic to cold from autumn to spring you need to wear a scarf, gloves, turtleneck sweaters and be sure to wear a hat.
6. Keep in mind you can’t get used to the cold the effectiveness of hardening from allergies to cold has not been proven.
So take care of yourself and be vigilant!