Many of us live with kidney disease and, saddest of all, we don’t even know it. There are a number of physical signs of kidney disease, but often people attribute them to other conditions and are reluctant to see a doctor.
In addition, people with this disease usually do not experience symptoms until the very advanced stages, when the kidneys are already simply failing or when it is difficult for them to go to the toilet “small”. This is one of the reasons why only 10% of people with chronic kidney disease know they have it. The remaining 90% simply suffer to the extreme stages.
The only way to know for sure if you have kidney disease is to get tested. If you are at risk for kidney disease due to diabetes, high blood pressure, a family history of kidney failure, or if you are over 60, it is important to get screened annually for the condition. Be sure to tell your healthcare provider about any discomfort or symptoms you experience. Below, we will tell a little more about the “calls” to go for an examination.
1. More tired
You have less energy or find it difficult to focus on something. A severe decline in kidney function can lead to the accumulation of toxins and impurities in the blood. This often makes people feel tired, weak and makes it difficult to concentrate.
Another complication of kidney disease is anemia, which can also cause weakness and fatigue. Anemia (anemia) is a pathological condition that is characterized by low levels of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin in the blood, which impairs the transfer of oxygen to tissues.
2. Sleep problems
When the kidneys don’t filter well, the toxins stay in the blood rather than being excreted through the urine. This can make it difficult to sleep. There is also an association between obesity and chronic kidney disease, and sleep apnea (a breathing disorder in which a sleeping person stops breathing for short periods) is more common in people with chronic kidney disease than in the general population.
3. The skin has become dry and constantly itchy
Healthy kidneys perform many important tasks that help the body to function normally. They remove waste and excess fluid, help produce red blood cells, keep bones strong, and work to maintain proper levels of minerals in the blood. Dry and itchy skin can be a sign of the mineral and bone disease that often accompanies advanced kidney disease, when the kidneys are no longer able to maintain the correct balance of minerals and nutrients in the blood.
4. Need to urinate more often
If you feel the need to urinate more often, especially at night, this may be a sign of kidney disease. When the filters are damaged, this can cause an increased urge to urinate. Sometimes it can also be a sign of a urinary infection or an enlarged prostate in men. Therefore, it is worth watching your loved one.
5. Blood in the urine
Sounds unpleasant, doesn’t it? Healthy kidneys normally retain blood cells in the body while filtering waste from the blood to form urine, but when the kidney filters are damaged, these blood cells can begin to “leak” into urine. In addition to a signal of kidney disease, blood in the urine may indicate tumors, stones, or infection, which is a reason to see a doctor now.
6. Urine is frothy
An excessive amount of bubbles in the urine — especially those that have to be washed out several times before they disappear — indicates the presence of protein in the urine. This foam may be similar to what you see when you cook scrambled eggs, since the normal protein found in urine, albumin, is the same protein found in eggs.
7. Persistent puffiness around the eyes
Protein in the urine is an early sign that the kidney filters are damaged, allowing protein to leak into the urine. Puffiness around the eyes may be due to the fact that the kidneys pass a large amount of protein out, instead of retaining it in the body.
8. Swollen ankles and feet
Decreased kidney function can lead to sodium retention in the body, causing swelling in the feet and ankles. Swelling in the lower extremities can also be a sign of heart disease, liver disease, and chronic vein problems in the legs. This is all due to the fact that water is poorly excreted from the body.
9. Poor appetite
This is a common symptom for many diseases, but one reason may be the accumulation of toxins as a result of decreased kidney function. That’s why you don’t want to eat. We do not recommend to lose weight in this way.
10. Muscle cramps
Electrolyte imbalance may be due to impaired renal function. For example, low calcium levels and poorly controlled phosphorus can contribute to muscle cramps. But we often think it’s because we don’t exercise enough.
This is a general list of symptoms that any of us may notice even before going to the doctor. Therefore, think about your health and do not shelve what will happen anyway. Yes, I’m talking about going to the hospital. At a minimum, talk to your doctor, and I’m sure that she or he will advise you well in this matter. Take care!